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Want to be a Millionaire? Plant Tuba-Tuba

By Pinoy Farmer | February 20, 2008
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Want to be a millionaire? Stop wasting precious money on lotto or get-rich-quick schemes such as those being peddled by swindlers through text messaging. Why not try planting tuba-tuba?

According to Bukidnon Rep Juan Miguel Zubiri, tuba-tuba, whose scientific name is jathropa curcas, is a “fast-growing small tree whose fruit actually a nut, can be processed into cooking oil or car fuel.”

“Planting tuba-tuba can be a very profitable proposition,” Zubiri, who is promoting the use of bio-fuels, said yesterday.

“Three kilos of tuba-tuba seeds or nuts could produce a liter of bio-diesel. Tuba-tuba bio-diesel readily mixes with diesel fuel and can run any diesel engine without modification,” he said.

He said the small tree can bear fruit within three years from planting and can produce as much as 12 tons of nuts a year.

He cited a study made by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), which showed that a grower can earn P200,000 per hectare per year from the sale, and processing of tuba-tuba nuts.

Zubiri said growing tuba-tuba does not require much investment.

He said the DENR, under Administrative Order 2005-25, is making available up to four million hectares of denuded forestland for planting to tuba-tuba and other tree species.

Individuals and groups can apply to till up to a maximum of 50 hectares each, he said.

He added that the DENR will even provide the initial saplings for applicants to plant.

Growing Tuba-Tuba

The Tuba-tuba Plant (Jatropha curcas) also known as Tubang Bakod in Tagalog, Physic Nut in English or interchangeably tuba-tuba or Jatropha. The latest craze to hit the agri-business in the Philippines. Primarily for its oil to produce biodiesel. The Tuba-tuba has been planted in the Philippines for quite some time but it was used mainly as fencing since it animals do not eat the leaves -even the insatiable goat would not eat the leaves. The ever increasing price of petroleum prices has triggered interest on the Tuba-tuba or Jatropha.

Jatropha is a drought resistant perennial shrub or small tree that produces seeds up to 35 years but can live up to 50 years. Jatropha grows fast with little or no maintenance and reaches the average height of about 3 meters but it can grow up to 8 meters.

Tuba-tuba is one of the most promising sources of bio-fuel today. About 30% of the Tuba-tuba nut is composed of oil. 3 kilos of Jatropha seeds can produce about 1 liter of crude Jatropha oil that can then be processed into biodiesel fuel. This oil can be easily be processed into fuel that can replace or mixed with petroleum based diesel to save on imported oil and most importantly increase local employment and help the economy to grow.

Since the Jatropha plant’s average height is about three meters, harvesting is easy and the plant can be grown practically anywhere (ordinary soil, sandy, gravely or rocky soil) and adapts easily to different climates. Jatropha is resistant to droughts -it can stand up to two years without rainfall. The tree also has a short gestation period, it will bear a several fruits starting at about 6 months old and be fully fruit bearing between one to two years.

Other Benefits of Planting Tuba-tuba/Jatropha:

* Aside from using the seed oil as biodiesel, the extracted oil can also be used in making soap.
* The Jatropha/Tuba-tuba leaves can be used for fumigating houses to expel bugs.
* The root extract of Jatropha plant can be used as yellow die while the bark extract as blue dye. While the seeds when pounded can be used for tanning.
* The roots, flowers and latex of the Jatropha plant are said to have medicinal properties.
* Planting Jatropha reduces soil degradation, erosion and deforestation of the countryside.

Planting the Tuba-Tuba:

Irrigated land can be planted with up to 2,500 Jatropha plants per hectare – a spacing or two meters by two meters. But on poor soil, and land dependent only on rainfall, the plants should be spaced further apart. A month or two before the start of rainy season is a good time to plant. Jatropha seeds can directly be planted or 2 to 3 month old seedlings from nurseries can be used. Jatropha seedling or cutting is planted then covered on an up-hill manner to avoid erosion. The plants are watered for two weeks after transplanting. Seeds can usually be harvested 1 year after planting. Potential yield ranges from 1.25 to 12.5 tons of seeds per hectare.

Process of Oil Extraction:

Oil is easily extracted from the Tuba-tuba nut by the use of a presser-expeller. This engine driven machine is simple enough to be operated in provinces by village folks. The yield is about 1 liter of oil for every 3 kilos of seeds. The oil is then refined to produce biodiesel.

It has been estimated that for a processing plant (presser-expeller) to be economically viable and have continuous supply of the Jatropha nut, 5,000 hectares of land have to be planted with Jatropha trees. The trees can also be planted on coconut plantations – intercropping the Tuba-tuba/ Jatropha under the coconut trees. With proper weeding, pruning, ploughing and fertilization, up to 20 kilos of seeds can be harvested per tree – up to 0.40 metric tons per hectare for non-irrigated land and up to 2.5 metric tons of seed per year if the land is irrigated. This is a boost for coconut farmers and land owners alike.

In the Philippines, planting of Jatropha or Tuba-tuba is on high gear, more so in Visayas & Mindanao but it can be planted anywhere. The Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) is actively promoting its planting to coconut farmers.

With the ever increasing interest in biodiesel fuels, we may one day get used to the idea that fuel for our vehicles was harvested from local plantations instead of using imported oil from the Middle East.

source: http://www.pcaagribiz.da.gov.ph, http://www.herbal-medicine.philsite.net

Topics: Crops & Vegetables | 36 Comments »

36 Responses to “Want to be a Millionaire? Plant Tuba-Tuba”

  1. merbert galado Says:
    May 1st, 2008 at 10:27 pm

    wer can i sell my tuba tuba seeds?

  2. pinoyfarmer Says:
    May 2nd, 2008 at 11:10 am

    hello merbert, you may contact PCA regarding your inquiry:

    Philippine Coconut Authority
    Elliptical Road, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines
    Phone: (02) 928-4501
    Email: pca_cpo@yahoo.com.ph

  3. Mae I. Millare Says:
    June 3rd, 2008 at 11:02 am

    Where can I get seedling of tuba tuba for planting , Is the government has financial assistance for those who want to start the tuba plantation

  4. roy vargas Says:
    June 6th, 2008 at 12:32 pm

    “How much will be the average price per kilo for the tuba tuba seeds?

    “Is there any visayas and mindanao office for PCA.

  5. Russell Says:
    June 17th, 2008 at 8:17 am

    Is there an established market of jathropa? Where can small jathropa farmers sell their seeds? Info please . . .

  6. dexter andres Says:
    June 30th, 2008 at 2:35 pm

    who will be providing the presser expeller?

  7. jon Says:
    July 28th, 2008 at 8:54 pm

    where can i buy seeds of tuba tuba…. preferably in the area of cebu city… i will leave my contact number so that you could contact me… please text me your selling price and how much of the seeds are available… contact number is 09228161916. i go by the name of Jon..

  8. kenel Says:
    August 8th, 2008 at 5:23 pm

    where can i sell my tuba tuba seed and howmuch per kilo?

  9. snoop Says:
    November 25th, 2008 at 2:02 pm

    why does our jatropha curcas oil did not work?

  10. arnel Says:
    July 24th, 2009 at 12:05 pm

    i got interested about planting tuba tuba because my family have several hectares of land and i heard that its okey to inter craft this to coconut plant. what i want to know is that where can i sell it and how much per kilo? in fact i was already start planting for me to have enought seed for replanting and expand the craft to accomodate more hectares. thanks just txt me 09282417806

  11. Lois Says:
    July 26th, 2009 at 1:23 pm

    I have two tons of jatropha seeds right now, any buyer please?

  12. michel Says:
    July 28th, 2009 at 4:28 pm

    is there a guarantee from the government that hey will buy the seeds? if not, who do we sell? and for how much?

  13. Loida Gamboa Says:
    July 31st, 2009 at 8:41 am

    I am interested in planting tuba tuba in my farm land,where can i buy the seed and is there any cooperative that i can involve, I’m interested to join since i never planted this kind of craft, I’m living in Tarlac.Thanks for the info.

  14. JUMAR Says:
    September 17th, 2009 at 5:05 am

    I need a buyer of Jathropa seeds in volume from our 500 hectars Jathropa plantation.you may contact my mobilephone +639152883559

  15. lourdes Says:
    October 7th, 2009 at 10:10 am

    hi guys those people who have jatropha plantation and want to sell the fruits or seeds just email me at my email adress at lourdes_alejo@yahoo.com

    my friend is interested about jatropha fruits or seeds, thanks .

  16. katie Says:
    October 8th, 2009 at 2:33 pm

    we are interested buyer of 100 tons JATHROPA SEEDS. Contact asap irene 09157934915.

  17. Gin dequito Says:
    October 9th, 2009 at 3:28 pm

    Good Day!Im from Region 12 where I can inquire about Jatropha. I am willing to plant. What Variety is good in our location? TY


  18. Daniel Pepito Says:
    October 13th, 2009 at 4:36 am

    May i know how much the selling price of tuba-tuba seed per 1kilogram?
    I am interested in planting tuba-tuba in my farm land in misamis oriental…
    Please contact my e-mail add: djmpp2@yahoo.com

    Daniel Pepito

  19. trunkz Says:
    February 22nd, 2010 at 2:02 pm

    We buy Jatropha seeds as per present Diesel price up to Php 15,000 per ton in any volume for our extraction facility, perhaps could be place in your Farms. We will assist plantations we have Agronomist and plant Scientist to be sure your seeds yield High oil. Also provide seedlings to replent your open lands.Contact me for more information (09152883559)

  20. Dominador Chiong Jr Says:
    July 6th, 2010 at 4:09 pm

    Is there a big possibility that market of tuba tuba will grow & stabilized or be industrialized? . . .Or is it just on the experimental stage. .why did the government NOT effectively promoting it? to rural farmers w/c really needs an alternative source of income.

  21. may ann Says:
    July 21st, 2010 at 11:42 am

    where can i sell may jatropha seeds?and how much the selling price per 1likogram?just email me at may adress or contact on my mobile phone.mayannorillaneda@ymail.com/09215466217.Thanks!

  22. AbdulRouff Says:
    August 27th, 2010 at 6:33 pm

    Where can I buy tuba-tuba Jatropha (10000)plants for my 4 hector land. Please provide me the information.

  23. khalid Says:
    October 7th, 2010 at 5:52 pm

    i want to farm jatropha plant in my small farmland
    but where can i get tuba tuba seed and how much for 1kilo? just e-mail me at my addres

  24. Coralie Dimacali Says:
    October 8th, 2010 at 1:08 am

    Where can I get tuba-tuba roots for my son’s science project? He is experimenting on the tuba-tuba root as a pesticide.

  25. Hermes Nasara Says:
    November 16th, 2010 at 2:48 pm

    in extracting the oil, can i use some other apparatus to extract it, except the presser-expeller??

  26. Aguilawin Says:
    November 28th, 2010 at 11:44 am

    To Abdulrouff ,where is the location of your area, please send me sms at 09087902096 and you contact nmber or email.

  27. Aguilawin Says:
    November 28th, 2010 at 11:53 am

    those who have seeds from Davao dels sur can contact us at 09087902096.
    please submit your stocks with pictures and send to us through email. but contact us first through sms with price per kg you will sell the seeds for,delivery date and price per kg into davao city.Thanks.

  28. vyne Says:
    January 8th, 2011 at 10:46 pm

    hello, is this really a sure market? is there an established market or buyer?
    do we sell it as yellow ripe fruit or dried fruit? its not so clear.
    and can we apply as a buyer in a small town with an established buyer such as PCA?
    im reli interested on this but not sure if there really was a buyer subsidised by the government agency

  29. Joseph Andes Says:
    January 17th, 2011 at 7:31 am

    Im from Bicol I would like to plant tuba tuba in a our coconut farm for additional income. Is tuba tuba can be grown in a rainy part area like bicol? where i can find tuba tuba seedlings in bicol.

  30. Lucena S. Lazarte Says:
    May 23rd, 2011 at 6:49 am

    Is it possible to inter-crop tuba tuba with rubber in veruela agusan del sur? We have 15 hectares of land ready for planting rubber.

  31. john dee jayson genovia Says:
    June 16th, 2011 at 7:07 am

    magkano ho ba ang price ng jatropha sa market ngayun? interesado po ako mag start nang business ehhehhee

  32. john dee jayson genovia Says:
    June 16th, 2011 at 7:14 am

    kung sino man may binebentang jathropa seeds na malapit lang sa davao city……interested in buying contact me 09427824438 send me some pics sa email add ko ayah_genovia21@yahoo.com

  33. Bevelyn Says:
    June 16th, 2011 at 8:59 am

    I have three plants of tuba-tuba but I can’t plant them on the ground, it will die during winter. I used the leaves as herbal medicine, & it works very well. If I live in Phils. I will encourage my family to plant tuba-tuba since I grew up with this herbal medicine, it cures sprain, back ache, knee & etc..the only thing I can say it cures my son’s sprain from playing football…

  34. Reginald M. Bocacao Says:
    September 30th, 2011 at 9:55 am

    i have approximate 250 kls. of jathropa seeds her in bicol pasacao, my problem is on how to sell it.. if any one could give a reliable information please contact me in this number:


  35. Butch Says:
    October 27th, 2011 at 8:01 pm

    We need jatropha seeds for oil extraction, Contact (632)403-3061, (632)664-6661, (63)918-902-6670, (63)917-586-0763

  36. Ibrahim-Vic Says:
    April 21st, 2012 at 5:58 pm

    Any lending insttitution to finance the plantation of Jatropha or castor in my farm land in Tumauini, Isabela and Victoria,Laguna.