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Vegetative propagation

By goGreen | October 20, 2011
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1. SUCKER SEPARATION — For example: banana, pineapple


BANANA

2. CORM DIVISION – For example: banana, gabi (taro)

3. STEM OR ROOT CUTTING – For example: rimes, siniguelas

4. MARCOTTING OR AIR-LAYERING – For example: chico

Remove a ring of bark from a branch.

Gently scrape off cambium.

Apply a pall of rooting medium. Wrap with a sheet of plastic, coconut leaf sheath or any material that could help prevent drying-up.

Tie both ends.

Wait for roots to fully develop. Cut stem below ball and unwrap sheet.

Plant the marcot.

5. INARCHING – For example: rambutan

Make a side cut on rootstock (A) and scion branch (B)

Join rootstock and scion together. Tie with a string.

6. CLEFT GRAFTING – For example: mango

Make vertical incision on rootstock.

Cut scion budstick into a short wedge.

Insert budstick into rootstock.

Wrap union with thin strip made of plastic, cloth dipped in wax, or any material that could help prevent drying up.

Cover with plastic bag or anything that could help reduce drying up.

Remove plastic bag as new shoot emerges.

Remove strip before planting.

7. PATCH BUDDING – For example: santol

Remove a rectangular piece of bark from rootstock (A) scion (B).

Fit scion bud into cut on rootstock

Cover with a thin strip of plastic or any material that could help reduce drying up.

After 2 weeks, remove strip to expose bud. Cut back rootstock above union.

8. SHIELD BUDDING – For example: calamansi

Make an inverted T cut on the bark of rootstock (A)

Remove a shield bud from scion (B)

Insert bud into rootstock.

Cover with a thin strip of plastic or any material that could also prevent drying up.

After 2 weeks, remove plastic strip to expose bud. Cut back rootstock above union.

SOURCE: Seeds and Plant Propagation. Agroforestry Technology Information Kit (IIRR, 1992, 105 p.)

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