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Raising Free-Range or “Galang” Chicken

By Pinoy Farmer | March 4, 2008
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Chickens raised and produced through open type? In western Mindanao, open-range type upgraded native chicken production is a common practice to increase the fowl’s protein requirement in a semi-commercialized enterprise. A demonstration farm is found in one of the research stations of DA-Regional Field Unit XI of the Western Mindanao Integrated Agricultural Research Center (WESMIARC) in Zamboanga Sibugay province.

The demonstration farm which serves as breeding area and source of upgraded stocks is a perfect site for the open-range production system. This production system was introduced by the DAWESMIARC manager, Dr. Francisco Geromo and DA-DBC Station Superintendent Ms. Fe Gomez. The farm is improved through the results of adaptability tests and action researches on the improvement of native chicken using Kabir cockerel and tried management practices in Ipil and Dumalinao, Zamboanga del Sur. This on-farm research led to the identification and participation of farmer/raiser cooperators of the new native chicken production system.

Bio-physical Requirements of ORT Production

Open-range type production (ORTP) requires simple management within open spaces where native chickens could freely graze and move around. An average of 1000 to 5000 square meters (0.5 hectare) is ideal for a minimum of 1:25 ratio of cockerel and native hens or more depending on the management of the given land area. Since this is open-range, the number of chicken may increase to manageable proportions. This type of farm is best on an upland plain to slightly rolling or less productive area (rocky) or under fruit trees or plantation crops such as rubber, coconut, and banana.

The system is best in a Type IV climate where there is an equal distribution of rainfall throughout the year. This condition ensures minimal infestation and prevalence of pests and diseases. Historically, native chickens are generally resistant to pests and diseases because of their natural adaptation to their physical

Minimal vegetation is suggested to be part of the land area to serve as shelter during slight rain showers and too much direct sunlight at high noon. It is also the best source of natural food for the animals such as crawling insects, earthworms and even grasses. This provides for the organic feed requirement and natural sources of feed for the chicken. Based on the experience of DAWESMIARC, natural free flowing water helps in cooling the area and the chickens can swim and enjoy the water coming from the creek or spring.

Technical Requirements

Based on researches and actual farmer/raiser experiences, the native chicken ORTP is very feasible. The technology is very simple and easy to follow by an ordinary farmer including interested individuals who want to engage in a small-scale business considering that the native chickens can thrive on locally available feedstuffs, can be ranged, and are resistant to major pests and diseases.


Although the ORTP is in open spaces, simple yet affordable and easy to maintain native chicken housing is also a must to ensure increased production. At the very least, a farmer or raiser can build improvised shelter which includes a mating pen or perch house, individual nest and brooder house. The materials could be bamboo scraps, nipa leaves and logs that serve as foundation and structure for the main chicken house. When the house is not in use, this could serve as a resting shed for the farmer and his family or for simple outdoor activities such as picnics and games.

Feeds and Feeding

Feeds given to native chickens do not require much attention. Feeding starts immediately as soon as hens are at brooding stage. They must be provided with booster or starter mash feeds ideally given in each brooder house. During the rearing stage, the chickens are fed with locally available feeds (rice/corn binlid, corn/rice bran and ulon-ulon, full grains of rice) and they can range/graze on the grasses abundantly found in the area. By nature, they freely scavenge the soil in search for crawling insects and worms. However, farmers and raisers can use farm by-products such as ground corn cobs and chopped leguminous fodders together with salt to augment their feed requirement. A feeding trough, strategically placed within the area with fresh and clean water, should be strategically located in the area.

Care and Management

Giving vitamins and antibiotics when necessary is encouraged. Using the alternative but sequential ration, this can be done in 3 days with water + vetracin or soluvites; 4-5 days with plain water; and 6-7 days with water + electrolyte. Deworming (following recommended dosage) is done every three months. To control mites and lice, area sanitation must be done. This is supported by bathing of hens after weaning the chicks (usually one month after hatching) with detergent and bathing the rooster every week with detergent. This practice ensures the chickens to be free from infestation of pests and diseases. Supplemental feeding including vitamins and minerals, administered when appropriate, ensures the chickens’ health and vigor for quality meat.

Social and Economic Contributions

Socially and culturally, chicken is part of the main course of authentic and original Filipino cuisine. They dictate the nature of our culinary style and skill to come up with delicious menu. With this developed and innovative technology, Filipinos are assured of quality chicken meat. Since the technology is after the improvement of the physical characteristics of the native chickens particularly body size, proper management is a must. This even contributes to a longer period of production.

With today’s food and health concerns, native chickens produced organically or with lesser vitamins, minerals and antibiotics in their body is the “in” thing. This is also the reason why specialty restaurants cater to the health conscious customers. This technology is gaining popularity. The meat produced out of this chicken commands higher price, has sociocultural relevance and there is a better meat quality that is tender, meatier, and tastier when prepared and cooked as tinola (broiled chicken with vegetables and seasoning), inasal, (grilled and barbeque that originated in Bacolod City), adobo (dried chicken meat stew), pinikpikan (traditional chicken preparation commonly served in the Cordilleras), and tinobook (chicken delicacy preparation common in Zamboanga Sibugay).

Cost and Return

Technology users, takers, and adopters can successfully engage in native chicken ORTP in two production scales, small and medium scale enterprises. For small scale enterprise the cost of production totals to Php 9,958.00 with 10 breeder pullets and 2 rosters at Php 150/layer or rooster in one year cycle. For medium scale enterprise, the total cost of production is Php 34, 198.00 with 40 breeder pullets and 4 roosters at Php 150/layer or rooster.

The costs of production for both enterprises include housing and fence, vaccine and veterinary drugs, feeds and supplements, and labor. The net income derived from the small and medium production scales are Php 9,542.00 and Php 61,800.00, respectively. The ROI for the egg produced is is 96% and 181% for the meat. The specific details of the cost and return analysis could be secured from the technology developer.

The increasing demand for native chicken produced using this technology has become an alternative livelihood for backyard farmers and raisers. With proper support from local government units and continuous technical support from researchers and poultry experts, this will make our farmers self-reliant, goal-oriented, and motivated.

Starting with a small capital, it can become a big business with the proper management skills and motivation of our chicken farmers.

source: Marlowe U. Aqiuno, Ph.D. of http://www.bar.gov.ph

Topics: Livestock | 13 Comments »

13 Responses to “Raising Free-Range or “Galang” Chicken”

  1. Adriano Maravillas Says:
    May 20th, 2008 at 5:56 pm

    I would like to know if there is a supplier of “Galang” free range chicken along Aguinaldo Highway, Cavite (along the way going to Tagaytay from Manila).

    Thank you.

  2. Adriano Maravillas Says:
    May 27th, 2008 at 9:16 pm

    Subject: Hito Culture

    I tried to look for a write-up featuring “Hito Production” but I cann’t find any. I would like anyone who has copy of subject to share. I plan to raise Hito for home consumption.



  3. jan mack v labrado Says:
    August 9th, 2008 at 7:20 pm

    what is the space requirements in handling day old kabir chicks in their cage?

  4. Peter Juris Panis Says:
    March 13th, 2009 at 10:43 am

    i would like to ask about on how to measure the food fed to the KABIR at 0 – 7 days? Give me sample of food o feeds for the kabir at 0 – 7 day? pls.., its urgent im only relying on commercial feeds and its very expensive can you help me pls ASAP.

  5. bong maya of mariveles bataan Says:
    March 25th, 2009 at 3:10 pm

    this is a helpful guidelines for persons like me who’s interested in small scale business.. I thought of raising free range chicken in my backyard to utilize the area and the technology.

  6. kap Says:
    April 26th, 2009 at 10:38 am

    Free range chicken, such as Kabir, is an excellent idea. It is like having another use for land for free (under coconut plantation etc. as mentioned).
    However a better way to do it, and I have been studying it, is to make it sustainable. i.e. golden kuhol culture can be incorporated. Pwede itong ipakain sa mga manok lalo na sa nangingitlog, pwede rin sa tao. Hito culture can also be incorporated. Chicken innards etc. can be a feed for hito as well as manure. Hito also will consume insects and pest if you put a light over the pond at night. Manure can be use to fertilized corn and other feed source for chickens. An small number of layer chicken can support the daily feed requirement for the bigger number free range population. There are many possibilities it requires only some imagination. The trick is to discover how to make it sustainable with out buying anything (if possible). The agriculture system so far has rendered farmers poorer and big businesses fatter. Time for change.
    By the way I am looking for Kabir eggs in Bicol.

  7. moncho Says:
    July 31st, 2009 at 12:41 am

    im from butuan city where can i buy day old sasso chicks?

  8. Roel L. Tagala Says:
    September 9th, 2009 at 10:02 pm

    Hi good day ,Intresado po ako sa pag-aalaga ng kabir chicken,paano po ba ang pag-aalaga ng kabir chicken at saan makabibili nito,taga negros occidental po ako

  9. Naeema Mohammed Says:
    November 18th, 2009 at 3:47 pm

    thank you for all suport you give, and i would like to be one of your team.

  10. Dante C. Cruza Says:
    December 1st, 2009 at 4:34 pm

    i have a half hectare of land in antipolo and want to raise free range chicken there, where can i buy kabir chicks near my area? and can you please include a few hints on the proper management of these breed.

    Is there another breed of chicken adaptable to our climate aside from the local native chicken which are quite small in body mass when full grown?

  11. Archie Says:
    December 20th, 2010 at 10:20 pm

    I can supply native chicken in volume weekly. For interested buyers..you may contact me at +639177188812.

  12. JC Says:
    March 8th, 2011 at 7:51 pm

    I am planning to raise kabir chickens. Can anyone tell where can I buy kabir chicks near Rizal? I live herein Talim Island in Rizal province

  13. John D. Lacsamana Says:
    May 28th, 2011 at 12:43 pm

    I am planning to raise kabir chickens. Can anyone tell where can I buy kabir chicks near La Union? I live here in Bauang, province of La Union