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Production Guide for Abaca

By pinoyfarmer | October 16, 2008
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Abaca (Musa textiles Nee) or Manila hemp, as it is known in international trade, is endemic in the Philippines. About 84% of the world’s supply of abaca comes from the Philippines. Most of these come from the abaca-growing regions like Bicol, Visayas, and Mindanao.

Abaca has been grown in the Philippines for centuries and was known to the Filipinos long before the Spanish occupation. The crop has been proven to be profitable and has continuously provided income to many Filipinos, especially those in the uplands of Mindanao, for their subsistence.

It belongs to the Musaceae family and it closely resembles the banana. Abaca stalks however, are more slender, with smaller, narrower, and more pointed leaves. Leaf color is darker green compared to banana and a distinguishing dark line on the right hand side of the upper surface of the leaf blade is pronounced in abaca. Fruits are small, seedy, and non-edible.

Recommended Varieties for Mindanao

1. Tangongon -large, vigorous, and sturdy; grows well in loamy clay soil with strong, heavy, coarse, lightly colored and hard to strip fibers; poor stooler and hills tend to “run out”; easily blown down because the roots are often push through the soil surface
2. Maguindanao- has large stalks; easily stripped white fibers; thrives well in sandy to light clay soils; sensitive to drought because of its scanty root system; stalks easily lodge; resistant to bunchy top and root rot diseases; remain productive for as long as 15 years.
3. Bungolanon - earlier maturing than Tangongon and Maguindanao; grows on a wide range of soil fertility; good root system; more resistant to drought compared to Maguindanao; does not lodge easily; heavy stooler with about 30 to 60 stools/hill; white and fine fibers; yield however, declines 5 to 6 years after planting.

Soils and Climate for Abaca Production

Abaca has been found growing in virtually all types of soils and climate in the Philippines. But it is found most productive in areas where the soil is volcanic in origin, rich in organic matter. loose, friable, and well-drained, clay loam type.

It requires a water table of 80 cm with 60-80% saturation and a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. Undulating or rolling to hilly or mountainous areas less than 500 m above sea level with deep surface soil with slopes from 200 to 600 are ideal for abaca production. For normal growth of abaca plants, the soil must contain adequate amounts of organic matter, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.

Abaca requires warm and humid climate for optimum growth and productivity. Though the optimum temperature requirement for abaca has not been fully determined, it grows in areas with temperatures of 200C during cool months and 250C during warm months. A relative humidity of 78 to 85% and a fairly-distributed rainfall through out the year are conducive to good growth. The area must be free from cyclonic winds and typhoons, if not the plants must be provided with cover trees or windbreaks to dissipate the force.

Source: www.openacademy.ph

Topics: Farming Methods | 9 Comments »

9 Responses to “Production Guide for Abaca”

  1. Agriculture.ph Blog » Promising abaca accessions: Answer to industry woes? Says:
    January 13th, 2009 at 10:29 am

    [...] Production Guide for Abaca -> http://www.agripinoy.net/production-guide-for-abaca.html#more-908 [...]

  2. avelino s. veracion jr Says:
    February 6th, 2009 at 11:08 am



    inquire lang po where to buy abaca spindle stripping machine.

    thank you.

  3. rey Says:
    March 15th, 2009 at 7:33 pm

    where do i go for an updated abaca propagation costs, needed for my project proposals. sos

  4. vehn monton Says:
    March 12th, 2010 at 5:56 pm

    ako po ay isang mangyan tawbuid sa mindoro. may samahan po kami na namimili ng abaka dito sa aming lugar. nais po naming magkaroon ng kontak para mapagbebentahan namin ng produktong abaka.
    maari po ba akong makahingi ng listahan ng mga bumibili ng abaka?
    Salamat po.

  5. Oscar Says:
    June 20th, 2010 at 5:50 pm

    Ma’m/ Sir kindly furnish us simple techniques in abaca planting. I am eager to engage in that kind of agri business my e mail add gingoogptmo@yahoo.com

  6. AlexG Says:
    November 9th, 2010 at 3:10 pm

    Our company buys abaca. We are close to Mindoro,

  7. marisa Says:
    February 16th, 2011 at 10:56 am

    ako po ay isang estudyante may research po kami tungkol sa mga lunas sa sakit sa abaka.Maaari po bang magtanong kung ano ang mga ito?pwede ba akong manghingi ng sagot tungkol dito?salamat po.

  8. Eduardo E. Panadero Says:
    March 18th, 2011 at 5:17 am

    We are planning to launch a livelihood project giving abaca seedlings to the farmer (IP’s). Please tell us more about abaca. Thank you

    Eduardo E. Panadero
    Operations Manager
    Hineleban Foundation, Inc.
    Kalugmanan, Manolo Fortich

  9. Mayor Estela Obut Estano Says:
    July 20th, 2011 at 4:33 pm

    The IPs in our municipality (Tudela, Misamis Occidental) are interested for abaca production. The LGU welcomes any NGO partners or assistance from NGA for this undertaking especially for free abaca seedlings/planting materials.