|By goGreen | November 16, 2011|
- Gardenia jasminoides
Gardenia augusta Linn.
Rosal (Sp., Tag.)
- A glabrous, smooth branched shrub 1-2 m high.
- Leaves: opposite, elliptic-ovate, 2-6 cm long, narrowed and pointed at both ends, shining and short peticled. Stipulate.
- Flowers: large and very fragrant, occurring singly in the upper axil of the leaves. Calyx green, with funnel-shaped tube and about 1.5 cm long, 5-angled, or winged and divided into linear lobes about as long as the tube. Corolla usually double, white but soon turning yellowish and 5-8 cm wide. Stamens as many as the corolla lobes. Anthers linear, sessile. Ovary 1-celled, style stout, clavate, fusiform, or 2-cleft, ovules numerous on parietal placentae.
- Fruits: ovoid or ellipsoid, 2.5 to 4.5 cm long, 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter, yellow, with 5 to 9 longitudinal ridges. Maturing about the month of November.
A common garden plant. Only the double-flowered form occurs in the Philippines.
- Antiophthalmic, emollient, emetic, stimulant, diuretic, antiperiodic, cathartic, anthelmintic, alterative, antispasmodic, antiseptic, sedative, analgesic, hypotensive, febrifuge.
- Study of chemical constituents in fruits isolated nine compounds: imperatorin, isoimperatorin, crocetin, 5-hydroxy-7,3',4',5'-tetrainethoxyflavone, 2-methyl-3,5-dihydroxychromone, sudan III, geniposide, crocin and crocin-3.
Parts utilized: roots, leaves, fruits.
Collect fruits during August to October.
Roots: rinse, section into pieces, sun-dry.
Fruits: sun-dry after stemming.
- Decoction of leaves and flowers used for dyspepsia, flatulences, nervous disorders and abdominal pains.
- Decoction of bark (50-55 g) used for fevers. dysentery and abdominal pains.
- Decoction of flowers used as wash for inflammed eyes.
- Poultice of leaves for swollen breasts; may be mixed with violeta and other herbs.
- Jaundice, hepatitis
- Fruit is antiseptic; used for tootaches, foul sores.
- Cough, fever.
- Bacillary dysentery.
- Nephritic edema
- Epistaxis, painful outgrowth at the tongue
- Mastitis, furuncle
- Lymph node tuberculosis
- Dosage: use 30 to 60 gms dried roots, 60 to 120 gms dried fruits in decoction. Fruits may be pulverized and applied to regions with furuncle, sprains, lymph node tuberculosis with water or alcohol.
- In China, extract used traditionally to treat diabetes. Also used for inflammed eyes, tumors, painful urination and hematuria.
- In Oriental medicine, fruit has been used for inflammation, jaundice, headache, fever, liver disorders and hypertension.
- Antioxidant: Crocin is a water soluble carotenoid found in the fruits of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) and seems to possess moderately strong antioxidant activity
- Diabetes / Genipin: Study discovered “genipin” from the Gardenia extract. Genipin blocks the the UCP2 enzyme (uncoupling protein 2) that inhibits pancreatic insulin secretion. It suggests a potential for genipin-related compounds.
- Antiangiogenic Activity: The n-butanol fraction of the ethanol extract of gardenia fruit was found to be most effective in the antiangiogenic assay.
- Anti- Cerulein Pancreatitis Protective Activity: Study showed Gardenia jasminoides pretreatment ameliorated the severity of cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats.
- Alzheimer's Disease / Amyloid Beta Peptide: The brains of Alzheimer's disease patients have large depositis of amyloid beta peptide known to increase free radical production in nerve cells leading to cell death. The study of extract of G jasminoides suggest it can reduce the cytotoxicity of amyloid beta peptide in PC 12 cells, possibly by reducing oxidative stress.
- Immunosuppressive Iridoids: Study yielded a new iridoid, gardaloside and a new safranal-type monoterpene, jasminoside G, with 10 other known compounds from the fruits of G jasminoides. Four of the compounds showed significant inhibition of IL-2 secretion and anti-CD28 monoclonal antibody co-stimulated activiation of human peripheral blood T cells.
- Geniposide: Study showed geniposide, an extract from Gardenia jasminoides, to be the its main choleretic principle. It also markedly decreased the content of cholesterol and elevate HCO3 concentration in bile without affecting the bilirubin and bile acid levels.
- Crocetin / Sleep Benefits: Crocetin is a pharmacologically active carotenoid compound of Gardenia jasminoides. In a doulbe-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of 21 healthy adult men with mild sleep complaints, study results showed that crocetin may contribute to improving the quality of sleep.
- Treatment Benefits / Acute Pancreatitis: Empirical studies on the use of extract of G jasminoides in treating acute pancreatitis showed that GJ remarkably reduces the serum amylase and myeloperoxidase levels of both serum and pancreatic tissue as well as TNF-alpha and interleukin-6 while also reducing injury by oxygen-free radicals, NO and endoxins. GJ extract has been found to lower vasopermeability and inflammation, improve pancreatic hemodynamics and inhibit the release of pancreatic enzymes and other biotic active factors.
- Antifungal: Study showed the methanol extracts to show the highest level of antifungal activity against Pleurotus ostreatus, a wood-rotting fungus, compared to five other methanol extracts (T orientalis, D innoxia, L japonicum, J chinensis, M Japonica).
- Anti-Inflammatory / Vascular-Inflammatory Inhibition: Study of extract of GJ showed inhibition of TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation, adhesion moleculre expression and monocyte-endothelial interaction, suggesting an anti-inflammatory role of EGJ, which may be useful in preventing vascular disease, such as atherosclerosis.
Common garden plant.
Cultivated for ornamental use.
Source: Philippine Medicinal Plants
Topics: Medicinal Plants (Halamang Gamot) | Comments Off
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