|By goGreen | April 26, 2012|
Family • Rutaceae
Triphasia trifolia P. Wils.
|Limonia trifolia Burm. f.||Kalamansito (Ilk., Ibn.)|
|Limonia trifoliata Linn.||Kamalitos (Tag.)|
|Triphasia trifoliata DC.||Limoncito (Span.)|
|Triphasia aurantiola Lour.||Limonsitong-kastila (Bik.)|
|Myrtle lime (Engl.)|
|Trifoliate limeberry (Engl.)|
Limonsito Smooth shrub growing to a height of 2 meters. The leaf has two sharp and slender spines at the base. The short-petioled leaves have three leaflets, ovate to oblong-ovate, the terminal one 2 to 4 cm long; the lateral ones, smaller. The margins are crenate. Flowers are very short-stalked, white, fragrant, and about 1 cm long. Fruit is ovoid, fleshy and red, somewhat resinous, about 12 mm long.
- Throughout the Philippines, in thickets and settled areas; in some places gregarious and abundant.
- Introduced; probably Chinese in origin.
- Pantropic in cultivation.
- Naturalized in many countries.
- Cultivated for its ornamental fragrant flower and edible red fruit. Attractive as a garden hedge.
Leaves and fruits.
Constituents and Properties
• Berries are lemon-scented.
• Fragrant white flowers have a scent of orange blossoms.
• Leaves exude a resinous scent when bruised.
• Considered antifungal and antibacterial.
• Study yielded a new bicoumarin from the leaves and stems; the two coumarinic moieties are derivatives of mexoticin and meranzin hydrate.
• From the oil 81 compounds were identified, the main constituent was germacrene B.
Edible: Fruit, raw or cooked.
Ripe fruit is pleasant and sweet tasting.
Fruit can be pickled or made into jams.
- Leaves applied externally for colic, diarrhea, and skin afflictions.
- Fruits used for cough and sore throat.
- Preparation: Peel the fruits and soak overnight lime (apog) water. Rinse, and boil in 1 cup water with 1/2 cup sugar. Rinse and boil a second and third time as preferred, syrupy or candied, using as needed for cough or sore throat.
- Among islanders of the Indian Ocean, fresh crushed leaves applied to dandruff. Also, used for coughs.
Leaves used in making aromatic bath salts.
Leaves used as cosmetic.
• Phenolics / Anti-HSV: Study on the inhibitory effects of phenolic compounds on herpes simplex virus and HIV included 13 coumarins from Triphasia trifolia. The data suggests the bis-hydroxyphenyl structure as a potential target for anti-HSV and HIV drugs development.
• Bicoumarin: Study yielded a new bicoumarin from the leaves and stems of Triphasia trifolia.The two coumarinic moieties are derivatives of mexoticin and meranzin hydrate.
Source: Philippine Medicinal Plants