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Medicinal Plant: Kamatsile

By goGreen | November 29, 2011
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Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.
SWEET TAMARIND
Niu ti dou

 

Scientific namesCommon names
Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.Camachile (Pamp.)
Inga camatchili  Perr.Chamultis (Ig.)
Inga dulcis Willd.Damortis (Ilk.)
Inga lanceolata BlancoDamulkis (Bon.)
Mimosa dulcis  Roxb.Kamachili (Tag., Bik.)
Mimosa unguis-cuti BlancoKamachilis (Tag.)
Acacia dulcis Roxb.Kamanchilis (P. Bis., Mag.)
Kamansile (Tag.)
Kamantilis (Pang.)
Kamarsiles (Tag.)
Kamatsile (Tag.)
Kamatsele (Tag.)
Kamonsiles (Tag.)
Kamunsil (P. Bis.)
Karamansili (Ibn.)
Komonsili (P. Bis.)
Komontos (Ting.)
Komontres (Ting.)
Madras thorn (Engl.)
Monkeypod (Engl.)
Sweet tamarind (Engl.)
Manila tamarind (Engl.)
Niu ti dou (Chin.)

 

Gen info / Etymology
Referred to as manila tamarind because of the sweet-sour tamarind-like taste. Genus Pithecellobium derives from from the Greek words ‘pithekos’ (ape) and ‘lobos’ (pod), and the species name ‘dulce’ from the Latin ‘dulcis’ meaning sweet.

Botany
Tree 5-18 meters high, with pendulous branches, with short, sharp stipular spines. The leaves are evenly 2-pinnate, 4 to 8 cm long. The flowers are white, in dense heads, 1 cm in diameter. Pods are turgid, twisted, and spiral, 10 to 18 cm long, 1 cm wide, and dehiscent along the lower suture. Seeds are 6-8, with an edible, whitish, pulpy aril. The arillus is sweet when the fruit is ripe.

Distribution
Found throughout the Philippines at low or medium altitudes.

Constituents
- Tannin, 25.36%; fixed oil, 18.22%, olein.
- A glycoside quercitin has been isolated.
- Seeds have been reported to contain steroids, saponins, lipids, phospholipids, glycosides, glycolipids and polysaccharides.
- Bark yields 37% tannins of the catechol type.
- Leaves yield quercitin, kaemferol, dulcitol and afezilin.

Properties
- Considered abortifacient, anodyne, astringent, larvicidal, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, febrifuge, antidiabetic.
- Bark considered astringent.
- Leaves considered astringent, emollient, antidiabetic, and abortifacient.
- Roots reported to be estrogenic.

Parts used and preparation
Bark, leaves.

Uses
Edibility
Pulp around the seed is edible.

Folkloric

Studies

Availability
Wild crafted.

 

Source: Philippine Medicinal Plants

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