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Medicinal Plant: Damong Maria

By goGreen | December 26, 2011
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Family • Compositae

Artemisia vulgaris Linn.
MAIDEN WORT, CHINESE HONEYSUCKLE, WORMWOOD
Ai

Common names 
Abraaka (llk.)Maria (Tag.)
Artanusa (C. Bis.)Santa Maria (Tag.)
Cintura de S. Jose (Span.)Tinisas (Tag.)
Cordon de S. Jose (Span.)Corona de San Juan, Ajenjo (Span.)
Damong maria (Tag.)Chinese honeysuckle (Engl.)
Gilbas (C. Bis.)Motherwort (Engl.)
Erbaka (Ilk.)Maiden wort (Engl.)
Herbaaka (Bon.)Felon herb, mugwort (Engl.)
Kamaria (Tag.)Wegwood, wormwood (Engl.)
Ai (Chin.)

Botany
Damong-maria is an erect perennial herb; hairy, aromatic, often semiwoody, growing to a height of 1 meter. Stems are leafy and branched. Leaves are pinnately lobed, 5 to 14 centimeters long, hairy, gray beneath, with nearly smooth above. Flowering heads are numerous, ovoid, 3 to 4 mm long, occurring in large numbers in spikelike, ascending, and branched inflorescenses. Fruit, an achene, is minute.

Distribution
- In and about towns at low and medium altitudes.
- Widely cultivated in the Philippines, around the houses, gardens and open places.
- Introduced, often planted, frequently established.

Constituents
Plant yields a volatile oil consisting of cineol, thujone, paraffin and aldehyde.
Roots contain inulin, tannin, resin and a volatile oil, 0.1 per cent.
Study of crude extract yielded alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, saponins, sterols, tannins and terpenes.

Properties
Fragrant but bitter to taste.
Emmenagogue, vulnerary.
Plant considered a valuable stomachic, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, deobstruent, antispasmodic, tonic.
Leaves and flowering tops considered tonic, stimulant, antispasmodic and emmenagogue.

Parts utilized
Leaves and flowers.

Uses

Folkloric

- Decoction of fresh leaves and flowering tops, 50 g in a pint of water, 4-5 glasses daily as expectorant.
- Juice of leaves used as vulnerary, to heal wounds and cuts.
- As emmenagogue: A strong decoction of leaves, 6-7 glasses a day to induce menstruation; also, for post-partum abdominal cramps.
- Juice of leaves applied to head of young children during convulsions.
- For intestinal deworming, decoction of boiled leaves, followed by the juice of aloe or other purgative plants.
- Decoction of leaves used for abdominal colic pains.
- Leaf poultice for headache and skin diseases.
- Decoction of dried leaves used for asthma and dyspepsia.
- Juice used externally for scabies, eczema, herpes.
- With ginger: Pounded leaves, mixed with ginger are wrapped in banana leaves and heated over a fire, and applied to wounds and swollen and inflammed dermal afflictions.
- Stimulates appetite, young leaves used for anorexia.
- Infusion of aromatic leaves used to induce menstruation. Also, used as abortifacient, but considered too mild a uterine stimulant to be reliable for that purpose.
- Used as infusion and electuary for obstructed menses and hysteria.
- Externally, used as alterative as fomentations for skin diseases and foul ulcers.
- Expressed juice of plant applied to the head of children to prevent convulsions.
- In Uruguay, plant used as vermifuge.
- In China, used as hemostatic, antiseptic, and caminative; used as decoction for hemoptysis, dysentery, menorrhagia, postpartum hemorrahges, as a wash for wounds and ulcers, and to relieve gripping pains of indigestion, diarrhea, or dysentery.
- Juice of plant used for tapeworm.
- A tincture, made up in native spirits, used as nerve sedativ e in abdominal pain and in labor.
- In Persia, Afghanistan and throughout India, strong decoction used as vermifuge; a weak decoction used in children for measles.
- Leaves, dried and cut in small fragments, used to cauterize wounds.
- In Anman, leaves used for hemorrhage, epistaxis, hematemesis and hematuria.
- Used as vermicide; used in eczema, herpes and purulent scabies.

Others

- Flowering tops of mugwort used by modern dyers in the production of green dye.
-Before tobacco, leaves smoked by old people.
- Young and tender leaves used as pot herb.
- Fresh or dried plant repels insects.

Moxa

- Fresh leaves are picked in the spring and sun-dried, then ground to a fine powder (moxa wool). The wool is kneaded into cones that are buned on the skin. Sometimes, the Moxa wool is prepared in combinationn with the powder of other herbals.

Studies

Caution
Pregnancy: Should not be used by pregnant women.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

 

Source: Philippine Medicinal Plants

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