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Medicinal Plant: Bunga-bunga (Alternanthera sessilis)

By pinoyfarmer | March 13, 2011
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Botany:
· An erect, more or less branched, glabrous, succulent herb, 0.4 to 1.4 m high.
· Leaves: simple or pinnately compound, the leaflets elliptic, crenate, usually about 10 cm long, thick and succulent.
· Flowers: paniculate, pendulous. Calyx brownish or purplish, 3.5 to 4 cm long, cylindric. Corolla about 4 cm long, inflated at the base, then constricted, the exserted parts reddish or purplish, the lobes acuminate. Carpels 4, free or connate at the base, attenuated into long styles; ovules very many. Stamens 8, in 2 series, inserted in the middle of the corolla tube.

Distribution
Widely distributed in thickets and open places.
Also cultivated, flowering December to March.

Parts utilized
Entire plant; use fresh.
May be collected the whole year round.

Chemical constituents
High in antioxidant carotene.
Phytochemical studies yielded B-carotene, ricinoleic acid, myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids, a-spiraterol, uronic acid and B-sitosterol.

Properties
Slightly tart tasting,
Cooling, antiphlogistic-analgesic , antidermatosis, antiseptic.
Considered febrifugal, galactagogue, abortifacient.

Folkloric
• Poultice of pounded fresh material to sprains, burns and eczema.
• Carbuncle, erysipelas.
• Acute conjunctivitis
• In other cuntries, used for treating acne vulgaris, dyspepsia, liver problems.
• Decoction used for nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, cough, bronchitis and diabetes.
• In Sri Lanka, used for cystitis, gonorrhea, snake bite.
• In Ghana, salted decoction used for hematemesis.
• In India, used for gastrointestinal problems; also as cholagogue, abortifacient and febrifuge.
• In Nigeria, for headaches and vertigo.
• In Taiwan, for hepatitis, bronchitis, asthma.
Others
• Used for animal feed supplement.
• Some places, leaves and young shoots eaten as vegetables.
• In Africa, used for relishes, sauces and soups.

Studies
• Antimicrobial / Wound Healing Activities: Study on extract of leaves showed significant results in different parameters of wound healing. The presence of sterols was also confirmed.
• Hepatoprotective: A study on the hepatoprotective effects of Taiwanese herb Alternanthera sessilis on liver damage induced by various hepatotoxins showed hepatoprotective effects with a reduction of elevation of SGOT and SGPT .
• Ionone Derivatives / Antimicrobial: Chloroform extract of dried leaves yielded a mixture of diasteromers of a new ionone derivative with low activities against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
• Antioxidant: Study showed ethanol extract to have 70% free radical scavenging activity.

Availability
Wild-crafted.

Source(s):
Philippine Medicinal Plants

Wikipedia.org

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