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How to Grow Guyabano

By Pinoy Farmer | April 2, 2008
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Guayabano, guyabano or soursop in English (Anona muricata Linn.) is a small tree about 5 to 7 meters in height. The leaves are alternate, oval in shape, pointed at both ends, smooth and shining, 7 to 20 centimeters long and with petioles about 5 millimeters long. The flowers are large, yellowish or greenish yellow and solitary. There are six large, fleshy or leathery petals in two series. They are heart-shaped, with pointed tip, and up to 5 centimeters in length and 3 centimeters in breadth. In the center of the flower is a cone-shaped mass of many carpels which will form the fruit, and below this are very numerous stamens.

A native of tropical America, was introduced into the Philippines at an early date and is no cultivated in all parts of the Archipelago.

Guyabano is a green, soft spine, pea-shaped fruit with a sweet-sour flavor. It weighs about two to five kilos. The skin is thin and its flesh is a white, soft fibrous pulp which has a very agreeable flavor but rather sour. Its mature, green fruit is used as vegetable and made into sweet meats, while the ripe fruit is eaten raw or for dessert.

A lot of concoctions can be made into guyabano like delicious sherbets, ice drops and fruit drinks. An assortment of punch and cocktail drinks can be made by mixing the nectar with wine rum or cola drinks or buko (fresh coconut) juice and ice.

There are two strains of guyabano: the sweet and the ordinary. Both have the same botanic description. The former, however, tastes sweeter than the ordinary. Belonging to the family Anonaceae, other familiar fruits beside guyabano are atis (Anona Squamosa or sugar apple), anonas (Anona reticulata or custard apple), and atemoya (Anona).

Nutritive Mineral Content of Guyabano

Guyabano fruit is an excellent source of vitamins B and C. However, it is deficient in Vitamin A, calcium and phosphorous. Below is the mineral content analyses of the fruit:

Soil and Climate

The plant grows in any kind of soil, but a fairly deep, friable soil of volcanic origin is conducive to growth & fruiting. It thrives very well from sea level up to 500 meters above sea level. It is best to plant them at the start of the rainy season.

Method of Propagation

Note:

  1. Refers to time from field setting to first harvest. Asexually propagated plants generally mature about twice earlier than plants grown from seeds.
  2. Computed on the bases of distance of planting given for each crop.

Fertilization Guide

Age of PlantRecommended Rate of
N-P-K (kg/hectare)
Method of Application
Planning time250-300 gms. Complete
fertilizer (14-14-14)
or (12-24-12)
Apply 3 inches below the roots
and 5 inches to side of seedling
at planting. 8 cm. below roots
and 10 cm. to the side.
Planning time
(1-3 years)
300-500 gms. of complete
fertilizer (1414-14) or
(12-24-12) plus 200-300 gms.
Urea (45-0-0)
Mix and apply in two equal doses
by digging along periphery of
the tree. 1st application- start
of rainy season. 2nd application
- end of rainy season.
Bearing trees0.5-3 kg. complete
fertilizer plus 200-
300 gms. muriate of
potash (0-0-60)
- same as above -

Disease Control

Anthracnose is the most common disease of guyabano, cause by a fungus and transmitted by means of wind-splashed rain and contact with infected fruits. Spray flowers and developing fruits with any following:

Pink disease is caused by a fungus and infective material is the common mode of transmission.

Symptoms: appearance of cracks on trunks or branches and secretions of gums; affected area covered with a thick mass of pink mycelia during the rainy season; drying of mycelia during dry weather with color changing to dirty white or gray eventually leading to die-back condition.

Control

  1. Prune and burn infected branches and twigs.
  2. Disinfect by spraying with copper fungicide or lime-sulfur mixture
  3. Keep orchard clean of any source of infections.

Maturity

Fruits are mature when they become dark and shiny green with recurved spines set far apart and the skin appearing to burst with pressure from within. Ripe fruits are light yellow and soft.

Medicinal Value

The guyabano fruit is use as a cure for cough, scurvy and fever. It contains Vitamin A, calcium, phosphorous and rich with vitamin B and C. It also contains 11.62 percent sugar, mostly glucose and fructose. The green fruits and seeds can induce vomiting, remedy dysentery and arrest secretion or bleeding.

The sap of the young leaves may be applied directly on pimples to induce suppuration. The sap is also considered parasitical. An alcoholic extract of the leaves, when distilled with steam, yields a small amount of essential oil. The portion of alcoholic extract which is soluble in water contains a large amount of potassium chloride together with dextrose tannins, amorphous products, and a small amount of an alkaloid substance which could not be crystallized. The leaves and roots also cure colic and convulsions.

source: http://www.icuc-iwmi.org

Topics: Crops & Vegetables, Farming Methods, How to | 14 Comments »

14 Responses to “How to Grow Guyabano”

  1. Mila Floro Says:
    July 17th, 2008 at 8:56 pm

    Where can I buy Guyabano plant/tree? Can Guyabano survive in the Midwest?

  2. Mila Floro Says:
    July 17th, 2008 at 8:56 pm

    Can this plant grow in the Midwest?
    Where can I buy this tree?
    Thank you.

  3. Mai Garcia Says:
    June 20th, 2009 at 5:59 am

    Where can I buy guyabano seedlings? How much is it? Can I grow the tree in Antipolo? TY

  4. reynold Says:
    July 1st, 2009 at 11:56 am

    instead of using guyabano or babana in our dialec, why dont you use marcotted. dont you have any guyabano in your place? if you buy guyabano, i think you will find difficult for you.

  5. meliton Says:
    July 14th, 2009 at 9:57 pm

    What should I do/apply on my guyabano tree which bear many flowers but only one fruit succeed or was formed out of it,thanks…

  6. Holly Buss Says:
    October 9th, 2009 at 8:31 am

    Can you grow this in Arizona? Can you tell me where I might purchase seeds for this tree, thanks!

  7. LOuie Says:
    October 13th, 2009 at 11:55 pm

    You said this is from “Tropical America” never heard of such a place. If this is so yoiu fail to mention at what temperature can this tree tolerate.

  8. Rutchie Says:
    July 12th, 2010 at 1:34 pm

    Hi every one… whoever is interested to buy graviola or guyabano seedlings pls contct me or email me at cutheri_07@yahoo.com.ph. thanks

  9. maui Says:
    December 9th, 2010 at 11:32 am

    Hi im interested in buying guyabano seedlings.
    Im in Cebu, my phone no is 09228618476

    thanks

  10. Dodong Mancera Says:
    February 27th, 2011 at 11:48 am

    Like to know what is the distance per guyabano tree horizontal & vertical. Will this tree viable to plant near the shore line? Please give the right information.
    Thank you & God bless.

    Dodong Mancera

  11. Cure for HIV Says:
    July 15th, 2011 at 1:52 pm

    I like the fruit and It has many benefit.

  12. Flor Says:
    August 2nd, 2011 at 8:31 pm

    The new research studies about guyabano made me more interested to plant…although i knew some health benefits before, i learned more through surfing other webpages…

  13. Gallbladder Removal Says:
    August 22nd, 2011 at 6:45 am

    Where can I buy this tree?

  14. A. G. Thomas Says:
    May 22nd, 2012 at 4:47 am

    I am highly interested in purchasing this tree.
    where can I purchase the guyabano tree, and how
    much it cost? Will it grow in Atlanta, GA (USA)?

Comments