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Hog Production (Piggery)

By Pinoy Farmer | February 2, 2008
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Swine raising is common and practical among farm families. This is because of the many advantages it gives the raiser which allows them to lessen the costs they spend while farming. For example, pigs convert feedstuffs and waste materials not used by man into pork, swine also has shorter development period which can add to the income of the raiser. The farmer/raiser can also use hog manure to fertilize his farm. Also, pork is the most common source of protein.

Popular Breeds

If you want your swine business to succeed, choose the right breed to raise. Below are the characteristics of breeds that grow well specially in Region 2.

Duroc - It is a heavy breed with color that ranges from light to very dark red, almost like the color mahogany. Durocs are productive, good mothers and milkers. It has good quality meat with very high dressing recovery percentage. It is excellent for cross-breeding.

Landrace – This is a light breed. It is white although you would commonly see black spots. It has a long body, square meat, short legs, ans medium to large drooping ears. They are good mothers, heavy milkers, and produce large litters from 14-18 piglets with very good growth rate and good food use. The thickness of the body and weak hind legs can be improved by crossbreeding with Large White or Duroc.

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Yorkshire or Large White - It is heavy and is all white. The face is slightly couping and its ears are erect. They grow fast and give you high quality meat. They have string legs, are excellent mothers, have good character and wean from 10-12 piglets to a liter. It fine for them to be confined, have very good growth rate, and high feed conversion ratio.

Hypor – This is a hybrid. It was developed from four synthetic lines from carefully selected breeds. They are white with fairly long body. Ears are medium sized and drooping. They are good mothers, produce an average of 9 piglets to a liter. Have well muscled backs, well developed hams, and superb carcass quality.

Seigher - This fellow is from Belgium. It is entirely white with occasional black spots. Although they have weak feet, and they can’t adapt well to rugged conditions, they have well-developed body, well- muscled back, medium to large drooping ears, very good mothers, good milkers and meat quality. They also have high growth rate and feed conversion ratio.

Selection of Breed

These are the things you have to observe so you’ll know you have chosen to raise an animal with a good breed. This will help in the success of your production.


The genes of the animal helps a lot in the success or failure of your swine business. The environment, though, contributes, or otherwise, to the performance of you pigs. To improve your production through breeding, select the desired characteristics. Below is a summary of heritability estimates of characteristics of swine:

Trait and Heritability

Length of body – High
Length of legs – High
Number of vertebrates – High
Number of teats – High
Conformation – High
Carcass length – High
Loin eye are – High
Backfat thickness – High
Percent lean cuts of liveweight – High
Ham-loin index – High
Weight of pig approximately 6 months – Moderate
Rate of growth – Moderate
Feed efficiency – Moderate
Litter size of birth – High
Litter size of weaning – High
Weight of pig at birth – High

Choose a boar that has well-developed testicles. The size of the testicles is related to its ability to produce sperm. So do not allow boars that have defects in this area to reproduce, because this is highly hereditary.

A well-arched or straight back is good because it means the animal can move around well for mother pigs, a long body is good, along with even-distanced teats.
Your animal should also have good reproductive characteristics. If it gives birth to NOT less than 8 piglets/birth, it means it has high ovulation rate, low embryo deaths, can produce large quantities of milk, and is a good mother.

Good feed efficiency is also a good trait. This means, it is a trait of a good breed if there needs a lesser amount of feeds to have gain weight. This is trait can be inherited.

Housing and Facilities

Selection of Farm Site

Select a site that is well- ventilated and has good drainage. Damp and unhealthy environment makes the pigs prone to diseases.

Water is also important. The pigs needs lots of water for better performance, and water is also needed to maintain cleanliness and sanitation, as well as to keep the animals cool during warm weather. Put up your hog house in a place where not many visitor/ people go. And for good drainage, a slightly sloping area.

If yours is a backyard operations, you can use locally available materials for roofing, like bamboo, nipa, or anahaw. Use lumber or bamboo for sidings, and a concrete floor. Don’t use preservatives on the lumber as this may cause irritation to the animals. Put together in one pen the gestating, farrowing, and nursery pigs. Put together in another pen the growing and finishing animals.

For semi-commercial operations, make a piggery using more permanent materials such as concrete floors and walls, and galvanized iron sheets for the roof. In this pig house, make compartments a) where the pregnant animals stay until farrowing time, b) as a farrowing unit, c) as nursery unit where sows an piglets are kept until weaning, d) as growing unit where pigs are raised form weaning until they reach about 45 kgs. and e) as finishing unit where pigs are kept until they are ready to be marketed.

Plant trees around the area as windbreakers.

Age/Weight : 6-10 weeks(weaning to 35 kg)
Floor space (sq m): 0.5
Height of ceiling (cm): 75
Feeder/ WatererSpace (m): 0.2

Age/Weight : 10-15 weeks(36-60 kg)
Floor space (sq m): 0.7
Height of ceiling (cm): 85
Feeder/ WatererSpace (m): 0.3

Age/Weight : 15-20 weeks(61-90 kg)
Floor space (sq m): 1.0
Height of ceiling (cm): 100
Feeder/ WatererSpace (m): 0.4

The floor of your pen must be concrete, and should be slightly sloped to allow good drainage thus keeping the pen dry and free of organisms that might cause sickness to your animals. Don’t make you floor too rough as this may cause sores on the animals, and not too smooth because it will be slippery when wet and is dangerous for pregnant sows.

A farrowing stall reduces crushing of piglets. Put up a farrow stall by placing rails around the pen 20-25 cm from the walls and the floor. Waterers and feeders should be installed 30-40 cm high from the floor for breeders and growing finishing pigs, and 20 cm high for weanlings. Make sure that waterers and feeders hold at least the daily amount of water and feeds by needed by the animals.

Newly born pigs are not able to control their body temperatures until they are 2-3 days. Give the piglets heat by lighting them especially during cold days. Hang the lamp 40-70 cm above the floor, and adjust the height of the bulb upward as the piglets grow larger.


Marketing is the last activity you do in raising pigs for business. You should get up to date information of market prices of pork, or where it is needed and how much is needed (supply and demand information).

Hogs are usually sold to middlemen who in turn will act as buyers and sellers for big meat processors. But you can sell direct to these meat processors where you can bargain for a higher price for your produce. But here are tips in marketing your pigs:

a.sell your hogs when they reach 80-90 kilos. If they are heavier than the said weight, they may contain more fats.
b. Allow your mother pig to recover from the stress of milking before selling.
c. You can choose not to sell to middlemen. They are experts in the trade and usually, the producers are in the losing end because the prices are always underestimated.
d. Sell the hogs in weight basis and not in per head basis.

Source: Region 2 Technoguide DA, Swine Raising LDC Technical Bulletin #1 DA,

Topics: Farming Methods, Livestock | 50 Comments »

50 Responses to “Hog Production (Piggery)”

  1. malou Says:
    April 22nd, 2008 at 6:30 am

    april 22, 2008

    thank you for your educational information to the beginners. more power to your program.

  2. Johnnygene Padillo Says:
    July 18th, 2008 at 12:01 am

    Good day.

    I’m in the process in venturing hog raising (fattening eventually sow raising). I just want to know the feeding requirement for a 1 fattener from pre-start to finishing stage with a period of 3 and a half months or to reach the 90-100 kilos live weight.

    Thank you very much.

    Johnnygene Padillo

  3. Rasec Sabillo Says:
    August 9th, 2008 at 11:34 am


    I’m in the process in contemplating to hog raising probably I’m gonna start atleast 10-20 hogs but I donot know the proper ways of maintaining the hogs health & nutrition. Is there any institution that offers seminar on this concern?, Also, to whom or where should I sell my hog produced?.

    Thank you & Morepower!

  4. Tess Says:
    August 30th, 2008 at 9:11 am

    Thank you very much for this practical information.

    More Power to you and may all Filipinos be helping each other like this for our development as a people.

  5. Agriculture.ph Blog » Swine feed substitutes improve productivity Says:
    October 16th, 2008 at 11:31 pm

    [...] Hog Production (Piggery) -> http://www.agripinoy.net/hog-production.html [...]

  6. Edwin Says:
    October 23rd, 2008 at 8:07 pm

    praise GOD you answer my question regarding my plan to venture on swine production.

    GOD bless

    Edwin Calonge
    San Francisco, Aglipay, Quirino Province

  7. Gina Says:
    January 16th, 2009 at 9:18 pm

    We get a lot of stale bread and some confectionary from a bakery. How can I feed this bread and confectionary to my hogs? How can I mix it and how much can each group eat, that is mothers, weaners and boars?

    Thank you

  8. Keith Says:
    January 30th, 2009 at 2:47 pm

    please help me. I am looking for suppliers who can provide mixed breed or native pigs here in manila. please i you are interested or if you know someone who is, then send me your name and cell number and I will contact you. thank you

  9. mbaju k moses Says:
    February 11th, 2009 at 4:07 am

    i intend to start pig production soon,may u please send me important information on regular basis that would enable me to do my business successfully, thanks allot, regards
    mbaju k moses

  10. Ed Says:
    March 10th, 2009 at 10:59 pm

    how much na po ba ang initial investment for 2 sows and 30 piglets plus house as start up?

    bago po ako sa business.

  11. Ryan Says:
    March 12th, 2009 at 7:39 am

    to know more about swine or pig raising pls visit below link



  12. gevic Says:
    March 18th, 2009 at 10:12 pm

    kindly provide me information regarding the proper way and the ingredients needed in mixing hog feeds.

    thank you….

  13. Oliver john vidal Says:
    April 1st, 2009 at 9:09 am

    iam a Beginner of this business and i need a more tips just like this……god bless you!!!

  14. sam Says:
    June 8th, 2009 at 2:49 am

    how big of land does it need to raise 1,000 pigs?

  15. sam Says:
    June 8th, 2009 at 2:54 am

    1,000 pigs can be raisen on how big land??

  16. ton Says:
    July 16th, 2009 at 2:28 pm

    for sale pig farm, tarlac – 150SL, 1500cap, 2.7hec, complete permits, P20M, 09285058292

  17. ivan cris Says:
    August 4th, 2009 at 9:54 am

    thank u for a simple tips and tech because me an my barkadas are starting to put dis bussness.. more power!!

  18. rex clerigo Says:
    August 21st, 2009 at 9:21 pm

    good day to all.
    i am about to venture on hog raising… just would like to ask if there are active groups specializing in hog production here in batangas. & how can i contact them..
    thanks again & warm rgds always

  19. Neil Sarmiento Says:
    September 10th, 2009 at 7:59 pm

    i want to know more tips and techniques on pig breeding and pig production…

  20. dongsumampong Says:
    September 20th, 2009 at 6:02 pm

    i am very interested to start a piggery business in laur cabanatuan nueva ecija and our area is mountanous 80 hectares with water abundant in the area, what is the basic or move to start with our plan? i need to know the proper techniques of pig breeding and production.

  21. dongsumampong Says:
    December 20th, 2009 at 9:43 am

    thanks for the reply of our inquiry i hope if we start the business we will ask question from yu again. merry xmas and a happy new year in advance and god bless you all!

  22. floriano n. luague Says:
    January 11th, 2010 at 5:35 pm

    pls advice i have been 10sow,1boar,maybe around 50piglets but commercial feeds price was more than the meat price & medicine very expensive evry time we sold our product,not enough to cover our budget,2person,electric bill,commercial feeds,now im loosing.

  23. jjv911 Says:
    January 16th, 2010 at 12:09 am

    Hi, I’m planning to venture hog raising (fattening eventually sow raising). Can you please help of some info, if how much is the cause of fattening piglets, and a sow? I’m planing to start right after i have all the info. and do i need to have a permit of that? and also with some advice of what is the Good FEEDS, to give and if there is any method to save up on feeding them?
    And also if there are active groups specializing in hog production here in Cebu. & how can i contact them……?
    and if there is a Seminar offered here in Cebu about Hog raising?

    Thank you…….

  24. cristian escaro Says:
    February 22nd, 2010 at 2:11 pm

    thanks for the information i have a plan to start a small backyard businness do you have any idea how much was the price of inahing baboy to start

  25. Rosie Victoria Says:
    May 23rd, 2010 at 12:15 pm

    Please give me some pointers on how to start a piggery business. Am planning to start with about 20 pigs. Pls guide me on what kind of feeds should I give for the 1st month and so on, and other proper techniques of pig breeding and production.

    Thank you.

  26. rene,pujol Says:
    July 23rd, 2010 at 4:31 pm

    sa mga gustong mag karoon ng piggery bilihin nyo ang aking feedmill para makaminos kayo sa mga pakin nyo sa inyong alagang baboy madali nalang ang pag aalaga pag may sarili kayong feedmill kahit ako ay handang tumolong sa inyao dahil may piggery ako dati pwudi ko kayo bigyan ng mag doctor sa animal para safe kayong mag alga ng kahit anong dami ng baboy nyo ang feedmill ko ay nag kakahalaga ng 2 million pwidi pa nating pag usapan…

  27. rene,pujol Says:
    July 23rd, 2010 at 4:36 pm

    taga pampanga lang ako triding ang negusyo namin ngayon mais copra di-1 saka copra cake at marami pang iba kaya wala na kayong hahanapin pa sa lahat ng pakain sa hayop kani ang nag bibinta kaya may feedmiil ako, pero ngayon binibinta kuna ang aking feedmill kong gusto nyo mag email lang kayo sa akin.

  28. jeffrey Says:
    July 30th, 2010 at 7:16 am

    pls.give me some advise on how to care a pregnant pig,on how to keep a very healthy piglet.

  29. owen sanchez Says:
    August 2nd, 2010 at 5:21 pm

    I’m starting a backyard piggery I wish you could provide me the following:
    1. the size of holding area for starting piglets.
    2. the size of holding area for growing piglets up to 45 days.
    3. the best kind of feeds for both.

  30. peps Says:
    August 16th, 2010 at 7:12 pm

    Hi, I would also like to start a piggery business with 20 heads for now. Would you help me provide information about good feeds to be used please? Thank you.

  31. Rainier Rosales Says:
    August 24th, 2010 at 9:20 am

    i would like to ask where can i buy junior boar. location somewhere in nueva ecija or tarlac. may i know the range of price. i could pay as much as 6k to 7k for 30-40kilos since i’m short of budget

  32. BRENDEN Says:
    October 11th, 2010 at 4:41 pm

    i am in a bid to start a piggery business,would you kindly assist me with information on which breed to choose,feed and the kind of shelter for them.

  33. Josh Says:
    October 31st, 2010 at 8:25 pm

    Sir, my friends and I are planning to buy at least 4 sows to start/test our swine business. How much would it cost for a sow — 2 years old each, had already 3 cycles of births (each normally has at least 10piglets per cycle)? Thanks.

  34. Eleno V. Enojo Says:
    November 30th, 2010 at 4:45 pm

    I am curious and interested about Mr. Rene Pujol’s idea relayed last July 23, 2010 about selling his feedmill. How can I possibly get in touch with Mr. Rene Pujol?

  35. Eleno V. Enojo Says:
    November 30th, 2010 at 4:57 pm

    Please help me contact Mr. Rene Pujol of Pampanga, I want to inquire about his feedmill which he proposes to sell. Thank you in advance.

  36. mfonabasi etuk Says:
    January 22nd, 2011 at 9:09 pm

    Please give me some pointers on how to start a piggery business. Am planning to start with about 20 pigs. Pls guide me on what kind of feeds should I give for the 1st month and so on, and other proper techniques of pig breeding and production.

  37. jay africa Says:
    January 26th, 2011 at 9:21 pm

    anyone interested to know more about hog raising or want to buy quality pigs just txt me in this number 09162945554 and our place is in batangas near lipa city.

  38. ron cagulada Says:
    March 5th, 2011 at 8:36 pm

    i recently bought 2 piglets as a start. i still want to learn more bout swine raising. i noticed that they have white secretions that come after they urinate. they look like tapeworms but are not segmented. what should i do?

  39. laguna_piglets Says:
    April 24th, 2011 at 5:05 pm

    For more info and tips on hog raising.

    Friend us on facebook – laguna piglets

  40. laguna piglets Says:
    April 27th, 2011 at 8:05 am

    For more infos about raising your pigs.

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  41. laguna piglets Says:
    May 1st, 2011 at 3:02 am

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  42. Laguna Piglets Says:
    May 6th, 2011 at 12:00 pm

    friend us on facebook laguna piglets

  43. jillyboy Says:
    June 15th, 2011 at 8:24 pm

    Good day,sir,i want to start a piggery and what i do the first decision and how much estimated capital with the two mother pig and/or from the small once to mother..

  44. jillyboy Says:
    June 15th, 2011 at 8:30 pm

    good day!mr.pujol,rene taga mindanao poh ako pwude po bang manghingi ng mga kaalaman abuot pgkain ng pig mula umpisa hangang sa mother at saka yong madaling makita sa pamilihan..

  45. albert Says:
    September 4th, 2011 at 11:43 am

    gud day sir, can i buy a gilt with superior gene from your company and how much will it cost? any idea how much will it cost for the shipment?

    <destination=cagayan de oro city.

    tnx po!

  46. obetsanchez Says:
    September 22nd, 2011 at 11:34 am

    I am interested to venture in this business and is looking for any piggery for rent, at least minimum of 500 heads capacity to 100 heads probably bulacan or Nueva ecija area. Thanks a lot

  47. F.Medina Says:
    November 2nd, 2011 at 6:42 am

    We are into native pigs breeding, growing and fattening. We are looking for those interested to raise native pigs in Pampanga & Tarlac for contract growing. Pls. call 0999 8880858. Thanks.

  48. Mari Says:
    April 3rd, 2012 at 1:01 pm

    We have a hog growing farm in northern part of Cebu that I’m planning to rent by July 2012. Just beside the provincial road (15 Km from Bogo); complete with DENR permits. Capacity is 380 fatteners per building. Total # of buildings = 4.
    Rental is Php 30K per building (still negotiable) Pls contact 09325199596 if interested.

  49. vanessa Says:
    April 17th, 2012 at 11:14 am

    we are happy to help out people who wants to put up farm,or hog raising.pls check out us on facebook.you can add my personal account vanessa0420santos@yahoo.com for best info for your hogs.or contact us 09165070858 / 09323652394

  50. vanessa Says:
    April 17th, 2012 at 11:16 am

    we are located at cebu just do contact us for hog raising info & feeding guide,we do supply,deliver & give free assistance.we have our vet tech to guide & help you anytime you need.