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Growing Ginger or Luya

By Pinoy Farmer | April 2, 2008
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Ginger can grow in sandy or loose soil, provided it is planted at a depth of about 30 cm, has enough water and which does not hold water when it folds or rains. It can grow in shady places together with tall trees or plants. It is most productive when it is 25% shaded.

Four Kinds that Grow Locally

  1. Our native ginger
    • a. white ginger — small, very fibrous but most pungent of all kinds
    • b. yellow ginger — like the white in kind except that it is orange in color, but the part above is dark green.
  2. Imugan improved native, bigger crop, with resistance to soil diseases, its leaves have deeper lines. It bears more crops than the original native, about 1/3 or 2/3 more.
  3. Jamaica “Oya” — pale and moderate in size. Dried “Oya” is leather-colored and aromatic, used in the manufacture of soft drinks.
  4. Hawaiian — bigger, stouter crops and yellowish brown flesh, sometimes pinkish not so pungent but liked by foreigners. This kind yields about 20-30 tons per hectare. It is good for making into powdered or dried ginger.

Planting

  1. One week before planting ginger, plow the field and remove all weeds and roots and make sure the place does not hold water when it rains.
  2. If planting will be in two rows, the plot must be about 30 cm high and less than two meters wide. The length depends on the farmer.
  3. If the soil has disease, sterilize it first by burning plenty of straw, or dried leaves of banana and coconut over it about 3 times.
  4. Plant only fresh ginger free from disease, about 20 grams in weight, and showing early germination. A hectare of land can accommodate about 800 seedlings.
  5. Before planting the ginger, wash them very well first in running water, and to make them free from disease, soak first for 10-15 minutes in chemical:
    • a. dissolve 5-6 grms mercuric bichloride in a porcelain cup of hot water
    • b. mix this in five (5) gallons of water
    • c. add 189 cc strong hydrochloric acid
  6. Plant the ginger about 5 cm deep in every hill, about 25 cm apart from each other. Arrange the hills in pyramid shape, whether the place has good drainage or not. Plant the ginger sideways or lying down, and cover with about 10 cm thick soil. If the place is under the shade of coconut or other trees with good drainage, plant the ginger about 20-25 cm in a shallow hill, about 45 cm apart from each other.
  7. As in any plant, ginger needs fertilizer. If the soil is sandy, apply 400 kilograms complete fertilizer for every hectare (or 300 kilos if the soil is clayey sand).
  8. After planting, cover the ginger with plenty of leaves (ipil-ipil, straw or madre de cacao) to keep the soil from drying up, and to keep the soil from eroding when it rains. These also add to the fertilization of the soil when the leaves decompose.
  9. On the second and fourth month, apply fertilizer again, about 400 kilos complete fertilizer for every hectare.
  10. Always clean the plot from weeds.
  11. To overcome attacks of pests and aphid, spray malathion 5% active ingredient — 4-7 grams for every gallon of water.
  12. To overcome disease, spray Parzate or Dithane z – 78, 2 grams for every gallon of water.
  13. Diseases in the soil can be overcome only by sterilizing the soil before planting (as earlier mentioned) and in selecting varieties resistant to disease.
  14. The land must be plowed early to hasten its getting dry before planting time.

Harvesting

  1. Ginger is ready to harvest when the leaves turn yellow and begin to wilt, about 8 months after planting.
  2. Harvest ginger only when it is mature enough. In harvesting, dig every hill with the help of a fork, then pull up the plant, shake off the soil, and lay them on the ground. The branches and leaves may be cut off but take care not to hurt the crops.
  3. While harvesting, segregate the ginger according to variety and size. Put in containers so as not to hurt them.

Drying: Ginger rots easily, but this can last long if dried

  1. Soak and wash in water the fresh ginger. Scrape off gently all outer skin so as not to hurt the cells beneath this skin. Most of the cells that contain the oil and fragrance of ginger lie under the skin.
  2. Cut up the ginger about 1/8 inches thin.
  3. Dip in 2% sodium metabisulfite solution (1½ tbsp./1 water) for about 5-10 minutes, drain.
  4. Spread the sliced ginger on a wire tray or nylon. Dry in the sun or in the oven at 65°C until brittle.
  5. Store in containers safe from insects.

Harvesting and preserving ginger

When the leaves of the ginger plant turn yellow and begin to wilt, it is time to harvest the ginger. In a ginger plantation, three people should do the harvesting: one will dig up the crop with the help of a fork or spade another will pull up the plant, shake off the soil and stack them in rows.
The third will cut the stems and lay them for drying.

Care must be taken not to hurt the crops. Gather the harvest three (3) hours after, preferably late in the afternoon. Segregate them according to sizes. Wash well.

Storing: To make the ginger last even up to one year:

  1. Expose the baskets containing ginger to warm air (or blower) about 42°C. Do this 1-2 days in an open place.
  2. Air the ginger (normal temperature) about 5-10 days.
  3. Store the ginger in a place about 20.6°C at 80% humidity, or in a cool place if not refrigeration is available.

source: http://www.elgu2.ncc.gov.ph

Topics: Crops & Vegetables, Farming Methods | 25 Comments »

25 Responses to “Growing Ginger or Luya”

  1. dave h anible Says:
    April 29th, 2008 at 10:40 pm

    Thank You for the info.

  2. Bernie Says:
    July 14th, 2008 at 9:56 pm

    If i will plant ginger in 5,000 sqm,where can i get the seedlings

  3. glenn Says:
    February 7th, 2009 at 12:18 am

    I am from Quezon Province where can i get the seedlings for ginger i have i hectare of land

  4. julius a. Says:
    July 20th, 2009 at 9:08 pm

    Why does the leaves turn yellow and wilt when it is still 3 months from planting. I’m here in Batangas and for the past 2 weeks, it has been raining so hard almost everyday. Could it be that there are too much rain in our area? other plantation in other barangay is also experiencing the same, moreso they planted on a slanted portion of the land.please help.

  5. steve Says:
    October 15th, 2009 at 6:14 pm

    last week i planted ginger in my backyard, can ginger grow here in Baguio, on cold areas.ty

  6. Jorge Dela Cruz Says:
    October 19th, 2009 at 7:43 am

    People in Mindanao are already talking on a new system by which ginger is grown. It is 6 ft under the ground minus the sunlight.
    I have seen one planting by a priest in Tiboli, south Cotabato

  7. Gin dequito Says:
    October 20th, 2009 at 4:35 pm

    Good Day

    Our farm lot is sandy-loam type of soil, may this soil good also for ginger?. How can we identify & clasify good variety/ quality ginger seedlings for planting.

    Thnks

    Gin/ S.Kudarat

  8. Jorge Dela Cruz Says:
    October 22nd, 2009 at 5:40 am

    Hi Gin,

    Sandy loam soil would be perfect for ginger, however please try to consult your Agri technician near you, He/She can help you through.
    Good luck.

  9. Nel Says:
    December 14th, 2009 at 6:09 am

    Hi Jorge,

    I also heard about the new sysmtem of growing ginger and one of my friend in nueva ecija tried it but unluckily nasira ang luya nya at pinasok ng tubig. Can you give me more info on this new system if possible can i ask pictures, here is my email add ronnel1999@yahoo.com

    thank you and more power.

  10. arki Says:
    February 11th, 2010 at 11:58 am

    hi i am also planning to plant ginger in our land, i really dont have any idea on how to start this ginger planting system. is there a seminar that i can attend? please help me…

  11. ed Says:
    February 15th, 2010 at 1:34 am

    good day,im asking where i can attend for seminar for new technology about ginger farming, i heard in part of davao/dole plantation they have a new tech. like this.

  12. armando roguel Says:
    February 17th, 2010 at 3:59 pm

    I am interested to plant. Please teach me how to prepare planting materials. Can it be planted in the polybag before planting in the field.
    thank you.
    armand

  13. ryan Says:
    July 30th, 2010 at 2:37 pm

    check my new blog. amatur but it may help. =)

  14. Wads Says:
    August 27th, 2010 at 11:26 pm

    Where to buy the best ginger for planting in the visayas?

  15. soc dela cruz Says:
    September 22nd, 2010 at 12:57 pm

    MAY NABALITAAN AKO NA MAY IBA PA NA PARAAN SA PAGTATANIM NG LUYA SA PAMAGITA NG PAG HUKAY SA ILALIM NG LUPA ITANIM ITOY SUKAT NA 5FT ANG LALIM AT 5 FT DIN ANG LAPAD SQR AT TINA TAKPAN NG PLASTIK NA MAY LUPA SA IBABAW PWEDI BA ITO?

  16. norberto tiongson jr Says:
    November 29th, 2010 at 9:40 pm

    is there an schedule of seminars planting a luya?

  17. ernesto p alejo jr Says:
    February 21st, 2011 at 8:23 am

    sang.ayon ako ky dela cruz, thats what i am looking.please gve kau info.

  18. sony Says:
    May 10th, 2011 at 8:16 pm

    that is very new technology of ginger plantation..
    simple but if u do not know the procedure u really failed

  19. sony Says:
    May 10th, 2011 at 8:22 pm

    its an underground plantation…less cost, hndi nakapagod…after u plant the ginger under ground, cover it well, its oxygen free..leave it for 8 to 9 months until u will harvest it..u can harvest up to 1 or more tons, depends on the area u wish to develop

  20. sony Says:
    May 10th, 2011 at 8:26 pm

    kng gusto nyo jst send ur massage to this email add: sony197261@yahoo.com…………..may be i can help you.

  21. david nartates Says:
    May 18th, 2011 at 8:37 pm

    ano po ba ang pinaka latest na pamamaraan sa pagtatanim ng luya?

  22. Mike Says:
    May 24th, 2011 at 4:40 pm

    Good day,im asking where i can attend for seminar for new technology about ginger farming, i heard have a new tech. like this.

  23. ramel davin Says:
    July 24th, 2011 at 9:47 am

    pls padalhan nyo ako ng copy ng latest na pamamaraan sa pagtanim ng luya..saa po pwde mgaattend ng cminar?salamat…

  24. rosalina tan Says:
    August 12th, 2011 at 10:31 pm

    Dear Sir/Madam,
    I am interested to plant ginger in our 5,000 sq.m. lot. May I know where can I buy the seedling? I would like to know also the procedures of planting, how to care, no. of growing days, and how is it harvest?
    Please advice.
    Rosalina Tan

  25. chito Says:
    November 5th, 2011 at 2:17 pm

    i am an agriculturist from cebu. we are promoting new technology in planting ginger og luy a. it is called vaccum technology ginger bank. for more info contact me in person. 09496323569, 09334319266

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