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By goGreen | September 16, 2011
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              Why groundnuts are grown?

Groundnuts are grown as a food for men and animals and also for sale.

People eat groundouts as fruit, or in the form of oil or as paste, sauce or flour.Groundnuts are a nourishing food. They are rich; they contain certain substances necessary for human life. They contain 200 grammes of protein per kilogramme. Millet, sorghum, sweet potatoes, yams and cassava. All contain less protein than groundnuts. Oil is made from groundnuts. This oil is much used in cooking. 100 kilogrammes of shelled groundnuts may yield 40 to 60 kilogrammes of oil.

After the oil has been taken from groundnuts, oil cake is left. Oil cake is a very nourishing food for animals.



 Choosing seeds

The seeds (the nuts you sow) must be good, disinfected, and from selected varieties.

How to choose good seeds?

When you separate the seeds from the pods, that is when you shell the nuts, throw away any seeds spoiled by insects or disease, and any misshapen seeds. A misshapen seed will not grow well. If the germ of a seed has been eaten by an insect, the seed will not germinate. Shell the nuts only a few days before sowing, otherwise the seeds will be dry. Seeds must not be dry before you sow them.

Disinfecting seeds

                                                 A device for disinfecting seeds


Using selected seeds

Seeds from selected varieties produce better groundnuts:

- groundouts that contain more protein, and are there fore more nourishing;

- groundnuts that contain more oil, and are therefore better for the oil mills.

Selected varieties resist disease better. In the humid regions, for example, certain varieties are resistant to rosette. Selected varieties are more adaptable to climate. Some varieties ripen in 3 months; others in 5 months.

                                               How to know whether seeds are good?

Make an experiment before sowing.

- Count how many seeds have germinated.

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