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Gabay sa Pagtatanim ng Ampalaya

By pinoyfarmer | March 11, 2010
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Ito’y maitatanim sa lahat ng dako ng Pilipinas. Ang ampalaya ay mayaman sa kalsiyum, mineral, karbohaydreyt at Bitamina B. May dalawang uri ng ampalaya: ang puti at berde. Ang berde ang karaniwang itinatanim.

Paraan ng Pagtatanim

Magtanim ng 4-5 binhi sa bawat tundos na 5 sentimetrong lalim at 1 ½ hanggang 2 metrong agwat sa hanay ng mga tudling. Pagkaraan ng ilang araw, bawasan ang pananim at mag-iwan lamang ng 2-3 malulusog na pananim sa bawat tundos.

Sa sandaling tumubo at gumapang ang mga baging ng ampalaya, bungkalin ang lupa sa pamamagitan ng kamay o pang-ararong hila ng kalabaw. Gawin ito pagkaraan ng isang linggo.

Magtanim ng 4-5 kilong binhi sa bawat ektarya. Makapag-aani ng ampalaya pagkaraan ng 3-4 na buwan.

Upang mabawasan ang pamiminsala ng “melon fruit fly” sundin ang mga sumusunod:

  1. Attractant – gumamit ng “attractant” (Que Lor) sa (5) limang lugal-painan bawa’t ektarya.
  2. “Bagging” – balutin ng papel ang bunga ng ampalaya. Ang “melon fruit fly” ang kulisap na gumagawa ng malalang pinsala sa ampalaya. Upang mapuksa at masugpo ang pamiminsala nito, gumamit ng solusyong “Foliafume-soap”. Ang karaniwang sakit nito ay panlalanta o “wilt”. Sugpuin sa pamamagitan ng pag-iiba-iba ng pananim at panatilihing malinis ang taniman.

Momordica charantia is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown for edible fruit, which is among the most bitter  of all fruits. English names for the plant and its fruit include bitter melon or bitter gourd (translated from Chinese: ??; pinyin: k?gu?), and goya from Japanese).

The original home of the species is not known, other than that it is a native of the tropics. It is widely grown in India and other parts of the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and the Caribbean.

OVERVIEW

The herbaceous, tendril-bearing vine grows to 5 m. It bears simple, alternate  leaves 4–12 cm across, with 3–7 deeply separated lobes. Each plant bears separate yellow male and female flowers.

The fruit has a distinct warty looking exterior and an oblong shape. It is hollow in cross-section, with a relatively thin layer of flesh surrounding a central seed cavity filled with large flat seeds and pith. Seeds and pith appear white in unripe fruits, ripening to red; they are not intensely bitter and can be removed before cooking. However, the pith will become sweet when the fruit is fully ripe, and the pith’s color will turn red. The pith can be eaten uncooked in this state, but the flesh of the melon will be far too tough to be eaten anymore. Red and sweet bitter melon pith is a popular ingredient in some southeast Asian salads. The flesh is crunchy and watery in texture, similar to cucumber, chayote or green bell pepper. The skin is tender and edible. The fruit is most often eaten green. Although it can also be eaten when it has started to ripen and turn yellowish, it becomes more bitter as it ripens. The fully ripe fruit turns orange and mushy, is too bitter to eat, and splits into segments which curl back dramatically to expose seeds covered in bright red pulp.

Bitter melon comes in a variety of shapes and sizes. The typical Chinese phenotype is 20–30 cm long, oblong with bluntly tapering ends and pale green in color, with a gently undulating, warty surface. The bitter melon more typical of India has a narrower shape with pointed ends, and a surface covered with jagged, triangular “teeth” and ridges. Coloration is green or white. Between these two extremes are any number of intermediate forms. Some bear miniature fruit of only 6–10 cm in length, which may be served individually as stuffed vegetables. These miniature fruit are popular in Southeast Asia as well as India.

Bitter melon contains a bitter compound called momordicin that is said to have a stomachic effect.

CULINARY USES

Source(s):

Bureau of Plant Industry – Department of Agriculture, Philippines

Wikipedia.org

Topics: Agri-Business, Crops & Vegetables, Farming Methods | 9 Comments »

9 Responses to “Gabay sa Pagtatanim ng Ampalaya”

  1. porcelana Says:
    December 13th, 2010 at 1:19 pm

    Nice Blog! Visit my site also!

  2. lunbert Says:
    March 1st, 2011 at 7:17 pm

    hello!! may i ask what are the varieties of ampalaya here in the Philippines?. thanks!!

  3. jogs cacdac Says:
    May 27th, 2011 at 10:53 pm

    masama po ba na babad sa tubig o palaging basa ang lupa ng ampalaya? o mabubuhay din naman? nakatanim na kasi ako eh mababa ang lupa, palaging me tubig.

  4. Rizal Says:
    July 20th, 2011 at 6:19 pm

    -Magtanim ng 4-5 kilong binhi sa bawat ektarya. Makapag-aani ng ampalaya pagkaraan ng 3-4 na buwan.??????????

    mali ata ang nakasaad sa gabay na ito ang ampalaya ay maaring magsimula umani pagkatapos ng 2 buwan na aabot sa 40 hangang 50 pitas ng bunga

  5. Rizal Says:
    July 20th, 2011 at 6:31 pm

    Jogs Cacdac kung matutubig ang tanim monng ampalaya ay makasasama dahil maninilaw ang mga dahon,sa aking karanasan sa pagtatanim maganda din un medyo natutuyo ang lupa dahil hindi masyado nagiging acidic,pero kapag nagsimula na bumukal ang bulaklak at bunga kailangan masubaybayan ang patubig di kailangan na pabahain mo ang tubig dahil ang ugat ng ampalaya ay di gaano na kalaliman.sa pag lagay ng abono mas maganda un nakabaon sa lupa kaysa isabog lamang at panatilihin walang damo sa puno at paligin ng ampalaya ang pag spray ng mga insekto kung maari ay 5:00 ng umaga hangang 7:00 lamang at 5:00 ng hapon hangang 7:00 ng gabi sa oras na iyan natin matatagpuan ang insekto base sa aking karanasan sa pag hahalaman

  6. Bitter (Gourd) Lesson | tita buds' blog Says:
    November 30th, 2011 at 1:56 pm

    [...] (from Gabay sa Pagtatanim ng Ampalaya, AgriPinoy.net) [...]

  7. dave Says:
    April 20th, 2012 at 5:48 pm

    kailan pwede abono?at kailan ulit mag abono after sa unang abono kc maroon akong ampalaya.

  8. egoy Says:
    April 27th, 2012 at 4:36 pm

    sir,mag umpisa palang po akung magtanim ng ampalaya.meron po akung tatlong hectarya na taniman.magkano po ba magasto ko sa umpisa at ano anong klasing abono gamitin ko.sa amin mainit lagi anong paraan para di mamaaty ang ampalaya..salamat po.egoy ng mindanao agusan del norte

  9. egoy Says:
    April 27th, 2012 at 4:39 pm

    meron po bang mabibilhan ng mga magagandang klasing binhi ng amplaya.please give some ideas…sa abroad ako at uuwe na ako para ito nalang maging gawain ko.salamat po.egoy ng mindanao agusan del norte.

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